Loading...
 
Register Log In Login with facebook

Women who had supplemented with any vitamins were 6 X less likely to have autistic offspring – Jan 2018

Association of Maternal Use of Folic Acid and Multivitamin Supplements in the Periods Before and During Pregnancy With the Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Offspring

JAMA Psychiatry. Published online January 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.4050
Stephen Z. Levine, PhD1; Arad Kodesh, MD1,2; Alexander Viktorin, PhD3,4,5; et al Lauren Smith, BA4; Rudolf Uher, MD, PhD5,6; Abraham Reichenberg, PhD3; Sven Sandin, PhD3,4

VitaminDWiki
  • Multivitamins – unspecified amount of some combination of Vitamins A, B, C, and D
  • Suspect women who were taking vitamins were doing other things as well – such as not smoking, no alcohol, Folic Acid, which might have been the cause of decreased Autism

 Download the PDF from VitaminDWiki

Key Points

  • Question Does maternal folic acid and/or multivitamin supplement use before and/or during pregnancy increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder in offspring?
  • Findings In this case-control cohort study of 45 300 offspring, statistically significant associations between maternal vitamin supplement use before and/or during pregnancy and reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder in offspring were observed.
  • Meaning A reduced risk of autism spectrum disorder in children born to women who used the specified vitamin supplements before and during pregnancy has important public health implications; possible mechanisms include epigenetic modifications.
  • Importance The association of maternal use of folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy with the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring is unclear.


Image

Objective To examine the associations between the use of maternal folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy and the risk of ASD in offspring.

Design, Setting, and Participants A case-control cohort study of 45 300 Israeli children born between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, were followed up from birth to January 26, 2015, for the risk of ASD. The cases were all children diagnosed with ASD and the controls were a random sample of 33% of all live-born children.

Exposures Maternal vitamin supplements were classified for folic acid (vitamin B9), multivitamin supplements (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical A11 codes vitamins A, B, C, and D), and any combination thereof exposed in the intervals before and during pregnancy.

Main Outcomes and Measures The association between maternal vitamin supplementation and the risk of ASD in offspring was quantified with relative risks (RRs) and their 95% CIs fitting Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for confounders. Sensitivity analyses were performed to test the robustness of the results.

Results Of the 45 300 children in the study (22 090 girls and 23 210 boys; mean SD age, 10.0 1.4 years at the end of follow-up), 572 (1.3%) received a diagnosis of ASD. Maternal exposure to folic acid and/or multivitamin supplements before pregnancy was statistically significantly associated with a lower likelihood of ASD in the offspring compared with no exposure before pregnancy (RR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.30-0.50; P < .001). Maternal exposure to folic acid and/or multivitamin supplements during pregnancy was statistically significantly associated with a lower likelihood of ASD in offspring compared with no exposure during pregnancy (RR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.22-0.33; P < .001). Corresponding RRs were estimated for maternal exposure to folic acid before pregnancy (RR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.42-0.74; P = .001), maternal exposure to folic acid during pregnancy (RR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.26-0.41; P < .001), maternal exposure to multivitamin supplements before pregnancy (RR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.24-0.52; P < .001), and maternal exposure to multivitamin supplements during pregnancy (RR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.28-0.44; P < .001). The results generally remained statistically significant across sensitivity analyses.

Conclusions and Relevance Maternal exposure to folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of ASD in the offspring compared with the offspring of mothers without such exposure.

Created by admin. Last Modification: Sunday January 14, 2018 10:10:51 UTC by admin. (Version 4)

Attached files

ID Name Comment Uploaded Size Downloads
9137 multivitamin ASD.jpg admin 06 Jan, 2018 01:18 216.88 Kb 32
9136 ASD Folic Vitamin.pdf PDF 2018 admin 06 Jan, 2018 01:18 302.66 Kb 53
See any problem with this page? Report it to the webmaster.