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The vitamin D deficiency pandemic (publisher wants forty dollars) – May 2017

The vitamin D deficiency pandemic: Approaches for diagnosis, treatment and prevention

Rev Endocr Metab Disord 17 May 2017 doi:10.1007/s11154-017-9424-1
Michael F. Holick mfholick at bu.edu

Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency is a global health issue that afflicts more than one billion children and adults worldwide. The consequences of vitamin D deficiency cannot be under estimated.
There has been an association of vitamin D deficiency with a myriad of acute and chronic illnesses including:

  • preeclampsia,
  • childhood dental caries,
  • periodontitis,
  • autoimmune disorders,
  • infectious diseases,
  • cardiovascular disease,
  • deadly cancers,
  • type 2 diabetes and
  • neurological disorders.

This review is to put into perspective the controversy surrounding the definition for vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency as well as providing guidance for how to treat and prevent vitamin D deficiency.

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