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Infants getting 1 g of Omega-3 for 12 weeks got better brains – RCT March 2017

Determining the Effect of Maternal Omega-3 Supplementation during Lactation on Growth and Development of Infants

The Journal of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 27(12), March 2017
Nasrin Nazeri 1, Saeid Ghavamzadeh 2
Nutrition Department, Uremia University of Medical Science, Uremia, Iran, nasrin. nazeri11yahoo.com


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Background & Aims: Development during childhood is vital for learning skills. Maternal omega-3fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation play important role in childhood development. The aim of this study is to determine omega-3 supplementation during lactation on the growth and development of infants.

Materials & Methods: This is a double-blind randomized trial. A total of 70 lactating women and their infants 15 days after delivery were selected. They were randomly divided into intervention and placebo groups. The intervention group received 1 gram omega-3 capsules daily and placebo group paraffin capsules for 3 months. Development of infants was assessed by using ASQ and growth by measuring weight, length and head circumference.

Results: The main score of communication, fine motor and problem solving in the intervention group after 3 months supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids were higher in the intervention group than placebo. There were no differences in gross motor and social development between two groups.

Conclusion: In this study positive effect of omega-3 e on problem solving and social development were found. There were no differences in growth between two groups except head circumference.

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Infants getting 1 g of Omega-3 for 12 weeks got better brains – RCT March 2017        

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