The Association between VDR Gene Polymorphisms and Diabetic Retinopathy Susceptibility: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:5305282. Epub 2016 Nov 6.
Zhang Y1, Xia W1, Lu P1, Yuan H1.
1Department of Endocrinology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital and Zhengzhou University People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
Items in both categories Diabetes and Vitamin D Receptor are listed here:
- Type 1 Diabetes association with poor Vitamin D Receptor: 39 studies – April 2017
- Type 1 diabetes 1.6 times more likely if a Vitamin D Receptor problem – Feb 2017
- Diabetic Retinopathy 2 X more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – meta-analysis Nov 2016
- Diabetic foot ulcer 1.7 times more likely if poor Vitamin D Receptor – Jan 2017
- Vitamin D activates the hypothalamus (in rodents) to reduce weight and diabetes– May 2016
- Diabetes (T2) 16 percent more likely if Vitamin D receptor problem – Oct 2015
- Type 1 diabetes associated with faulty Vitamin D receptor genes – May 2013
- Vitamin D receptor gene associated with 50 percent more type 2 Diabetes – meta-analyses 2013, 2016
- Diabetic Retinopathy twice as likely if a T2 Diabetic has low level of vitamin D – meta-analysis March 2017
Vitamin D Receptor category has the following
Vitamin D tests cannot detect Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) problems
A poor VDR restricts Vitamin D from getting in the cells
A poor VDR increases the risk of 30+ health problems click here for details
VDR at-home test $29 - results not easily understood in 2016
There are hints that you may have inherited a poor VDR
You can compensate for poor VDR by increasing one or more of the following:
|1) Vitamin D supplement|
Sun, Ultraviolet -B
| Vitamin D in the blood |
and thus to the cells
|2) Magnesium||Vitamin D in the blood |
AND to the cells
|3) Omega-3||Vitamin D to the cells|
|4) Resveratrol||Vitamin D to the cells|
|5) Intense exercise||Vitamin D Receptor|
|6) Get prescription for VDR activator|
|Vitamin D Receptor|
|7) Quercetin (flavonoid)||Vitamin D Receptor|
See also web
"also known as diabetic eye disease, is when damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes. It can eventually lead to blindness"
"affects up to 80 percent of all patients who have had diabetes for 20 years or more"
" It is also the leading cause of blindness for people aged 20 to 64 years."
Aims. Studies on the associations of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms with diabetic retinopathy (DR) susceptibility reported conflicting results. A systematic meta-analysis was undertaken to clarify this topic.
Methods. A systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and CNKI) was carried out until March 31, 2016. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to assess the strength of the association.
Results. A total of 7 studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in this meta-analysis (649 cases and 707 controls). Pooled ORs showed a significant association between FokI polymorphism and DR risk in all the four genetic models (
- OR = 1.612 (1.354~1.921),
- 1.988 (1.481~2.668),
- 1.889 (1.424~2.505), and
- 2.674 (1.493~4.790)
in allelic, dominant, recessive, and additive models, resp., PZ < 0.01), but not for TaqI or BsmI polymorphism (PZ > 0.05). Similar results were found in the subgroup analysis. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the results were relatively stable and reliable. Results of Begg's and Egger's tests suggested a lack of publication bias.
Conclusions. Our meta-analysis demonstrated that DR was significantly associated with VDR gene FokI polymorphism. However, due to the relatively small sample size in this meta-analysis, further studies with a larger sample size should be done to confirm the findings.
PMID: 27891515 DOI: 10.1155/2016/5305282
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