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Cancer deaths of senior women 60 percent more likely if low Vitamin D – March 2015

Vitamin D and cancer mortality in elderly women

Germaine Wong 123 germaine.wong at health.nsw.gov.au, Wai Hon Lim 45, Joshua Lewis 46, Jonathan C Craig 12, Robin Turner 2, Kathy Zhu 46, Ee Mun Lim 7 and Richard Prince 46
BMC Cancer 2015, 15:106 doi:10.1186/s12885-015-1112-5, Published: 8 March 2015

Background There is increasing evidence that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for cancer, however it remains uncertain whether vitamin D deficiency also predisposes to death from cancer. The aim of the study was to determine the association between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25 (OH) D) concentrations and cancer-specific mortality in a community-based cohort of older post-menopausal women.

Methods Cox proportional regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between serum 25 (OH) D concentrations and the risk of overall and site-specific cancer mortality in a cohort of elderly women.

Results Over a median follow-up time of 10 years, a total of 84 cancer deaths were observed. Women with lower serum 25 (OH) D concentrations were at an increased risk of cancer death, but not for incident cancer.

The excess risk for cancer death was observed with serum 25 (OH) D concentration less than 64 nmol/L (the median value) [adjusted HR: 1.61 (95% CI: 1.02 - 2.54, p = 0.04].

For every 30 nmol/L reduction in serum 25 (OH) D concentrations, there was a 30% increase in the overall risk of cancer death [adjusted HR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.03 – 1.72, p = 0.02].

The excess risk appeared to be site-specific and greatest in those with haematological cancers [adjusted HR: 2.13: 95% CI: 1.0 – 4.55, p = 0.05].

Conclusions In elderly women, lower serum 25 (OH) D concentrations appear to be an independent risk factor for cancer-specific mortality, but not a risk factor for the development of cancer.
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5147 Risk vs types of cancer.jpg admin 2015-03-08 12:23 31.68 Kb 318
5146 Cancer Mortality.jpg admin 2015-03-08 12:23 18.63 Kb 300
5145 Mortality 26 ng.jpg admin 2015-03-08 12:22 31.96 Kb 324
5144 Vitamin D and cancer mortality in elderlywomen.pdf PDF 2015 admin 2015-03-08 12:22 1.20 Mb 313
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