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Bone tumors much more likely to be malignant if low Vitamin D – Aug 2017

High Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with Bone Tumors.

Cancer Invest. 2017 Aug 11:1-7. doi: 10.1080/07357907.2017.1351985. [Epub ahead of print]
Horas K1,2, Maier G3, Jakob F2, Maus U3, Kurth A4, Jakuscheit A1, Rudert M1, Holzapfel BM1,5.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with different types of bone tumors and to elucidate whether or not there are differences in prediagnostic vitamin D levels in patients with malignant compared to benign bone tumors. Prediagnostic serum 25(OH)D levels of 105 consecutive patients that presented with bone tumors and tumor-like lesions to two Orthopedic Level I University Centers in Germany between 2011 and 2016 were measured on admission.

We found an alarming and widespread rate of vitamin D deficiency in patients with bone tumors. Specifically, 83% of all patients had low vitamin D levels with a mean 25(OH)D level of 19.82 ng/ml.

Notably, patients diagnosed with malignant bone tumors had significantly lower vitamin D levels compared to patients with benign bone lesions (p = 0.0008).

In conclusion, it is essential to assess vitamin D levels in patients with tumors involving bone. In addition, there might be an association between vitamin D deficiency and the onset or course of primary malignant bone tumors.

PMID: 28799812 DOI: 10.1080/07357907.2017.1351985

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